Rear-end collisions are one of the most common types of car accidents. When one vehicle crashes into the back of another, even at low speeds, it can cause a variety of injuries to the occupants of both vehicles.
It is beneficial to understand some of the most frequent injuries that result from these types of collisions.
Whiplash is one of the most common injuries suffered in rear-end collisions. This neck injury occurs when the force of the crash causes the head to suddenly whip back and forth, stretching and straining the muscles, tendons and ligaments beyond their normal range of motion. Symptoms of whiplash include neck pain and stiffness, reduced range of motion, headaches, shoulder and arm pain and dizziness.
When one vehicle strikes another during a rear-end crash, it often causes the occupant’s torso and back to be thrust forward and then rebound back forcefully against their seat. This can lead to strained muscles, sprained ligaments, herniated discs and spinal fractures in the neck and lower back.
If the head strikes the interior parts of the vehicle during a rear-end collision, it can cause injuries such as cuts and bruises to facial features, concussions from the brain impacting the inside of the skull and traumatic brain injuries.
Other common injuries
Other frequent injuries include seatbelt bruising from the sudden restraint of the straps, broken bones or dislocated joints in the arms and legs from flailing or impact, internal organ damage and psychological injuries related to post-traumatic stress from the accident.
The NHTSA estimates that there are 60,000 rear-end collisions every year. If you experience an injury in an auto accident, even one that seems minor, it is important to visit a doctor to assess the extent of the injuries and get appropriate treatment. This can help minimize long-term effects and ensure the best possible recovery.